When Georg and his father are in the midst of their conflict, Georg seldom seems to think over what he is hearing in any detail. Yet the situation should not be so straightforward for Kafka’s reader. Kafka's The Judgment Study Guide. In December 2018, when a jury found Pell guilty of sexually abusing two choirboys, many of his supporters were hopeful the convictions would be overturned on appeal. The father questions the existence of Georg's friend and admonishes his son to be honest, not to deceive him. These are joined together--coherent with Freudian theory--by certain words ("intercourse," "success," "Verkehr," etc.) The full bench of the High Court will deliver its judgment on George Pell. -- Father overturns Georg's projected self-understanding as the dutiful son by exposing him as a cunning and successful "businessman" who is about to conclude a hostile takeover. 1) On the surface, if read as a "realistic" fiction, "The Judgment" has a relatively simple, but nonetheless seemingly contradictory story line. A Character Analysis, Bloody Sunday: Prelude to the Russian Revolution of 1917, Make His Father's Day Special With These Quotes About Dads, Execution of Czar Nicholas II of Russia and His Family, Snegurochka Is the Snow Maiden in Russian Culture, M.F.A., Writing Seminars, Johns Hopkins University, M.A., English Language and Literature, McGill University, B.A., English and Writing Seminars, Johns Hopkins University. Such views were commonplace over the centuries in which our system of criminal law developed. This case concerns two headstones which were removed from the churchyard of St Margaret of Antioch, Rottingdean in June of last year in order to protect them from possible damage or destruction arising out of activities linked to the Black Lives Matter movement. Note the relation to the "Sunday" on which this story takes place, and the proximity of names, Georgy and Georg. or peculiarly contradictory statements voiced by the protagonist. He was sentencedto six years’ prison with a non-parole period of three years a… This was a strict application of the 'judge not, lest ye be judged' principle. In Byron's "The Vision of Judgment" a heavenly tribunal is convened in order to determine whether the deceased George III should be allowed to enter heaven or condemned to hell. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Dialectic of revelation and concealment? All the main events of the story occur on a “Sunday morning in the height of spring” (p.49). By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Unreliable Information, and Complex Reactions. Should we not embody wisdom, “live with prudence,” and “attain knowledge and discretion?” (Pv. 2) What evidence speaks for the father's accusation that Georg is "devilish" to the extent that he is seeking to supplant his father? Or does it simply indicate that he is a seasoned warrior, that he has history and the past on his side in his struggle with Georg? Did you find “The Judgment” mostly disturbing or mostly humorous? -- The narrative perspective of the story is that of Georg himself; we experience the tale as he experiences it; we view events through the filter or lens of Georg's own psyche. "Judgment" is structured around the technique of "narrated monologue" = the relating of the subjective thoughts of the protagonist in the diction of a third-person narrator. See pp. For much of “The Judgment”, Georg’s father is depicted as a weak, helpless man—a shadow, it seems, of the imposing businessman he once was. Franz Kafka’s “The Judgment” is the tale of a quiet young man caught in an outrageous situation. Cardinal George Pell has won his appeal against his child sexual abuse convictions. Himself? Throughout “The Judgment”, Georg mulls over his correspondence with a friend “who had actually run away to Russia some years before, being dissatisfied with his prospects at home” (49). 0 Ratings ; 0 Want to read; 0 Currently reading Lecture Notes: Franz Kafka, "The Judgment". The plea of the innocent against the false judgement of the guilty being a vindication of George Keith and his friends . For instance, when he was on a business trip in Kiev and ran into a riot, and saw a priest on a balcony who cut a broad cross in blood on the palm of his hand and held the hand up and appealed to the mob” (58). Who or what, from the real world, is Kafka criticizing in “The Judgment”? -- The friend escapes rivalry with the father, but at the price of sacrificing a "healthy" psycho-sexual development = he is isolated, alone, a bachelor, etc. Matters of trade and finance initially draw Georg and his father together—only to become a subject of discord and contention later in “The Judgment”. Does she imply a homoerotic relationship between Georg and the friend? 78 & 79. We as interpreters must "analyze" and explain these parapraxes as "symptoms" of the genuine feelings of Georg Bendemann. Hermann Kafka was a well-off businessman, and a figure who inspired a mixture of intimidation, anxiety, and grudging respect in his sensitive son Franz. 2) How can we characterize Georg's relationship with the friend? 2) How can we comprehend the course of the narrative? UPDATE: On 7 April 2020, the High Court overturned Cardinal George Pell's conviction for historic child sex offences and acquitted him of the charges. What does judgements expression mean? Yet this father transforms into a figure of enormous knowledge and power. (p. 80) What does Freida mean? Photo: AAP . Kafka's text thus presents us with an either/or situation in which neither alternative is satisfactory; one leads to guilt and death (Georg), the other to celibacy (or worse? Freud would call this a "slip," a "parapraxis," in which Georg "unconsciously" relates the wish (to boast to the friend about his successful marriage) that he "consciously" tries to hide. "The Judgment" ("Das Urteil"), also translated "The Verdict", is a short story written by Franz Kafka in 1912, concerning the relationship between a man and his father. Why do they take us as readers by surprise? https://www.thoughtco.com/judgment-study-guide-2207795 (accessed February 23, 2021). The father's "No" in answer to Georg's question about whether he is "well covered up". Georg feels intense rivalry and hostility toward his father, but also identifies with him in the sense that he wants to take the father's place: Georg imitates the father. From reading Russian literature, he may have gleaned the stark, unsettling, imaginary visions of Russia that crop up in “The Judgment.”. VI. Definition of judgements in the Idioms Dictionary. What does judgements expression mean? IV. How would you sum up the way Georg feels about his father? Georg is essentially excluded from the nuclear family. In a diary entry written the morning after he composed "The Judgment" (see handout; First indication that something peculiar is at work: Georg reports 3 times to his friend about the marriage of an "unimportant man" to an "unimportant woman": "contrary to his [Georg's] intentions" the friend shows interest in "this notable event" (p. 79). Kafka, Franz. Georg's fiancee, Frieda, makes assertion that if Georg has friends like the one in Petersburg, he should not marry at all. Georg even reminds his father of this friend’s “incredible stories of the Russian Revolution. His father? Although Kafka’s third-person narration maps out the circumstances of Georg’s life with considerable detail, “The Judgment” is not really a sprawling work of fiction. Kafka's story portrays the negative consequences, as it were, of this so-called "positive" resolution of the Oedipal complex. The story thereby plays out the ambivalence Freud attaches, via his thesis of basic human bisexuality, to the Oedipus Complex and the conflicted feelings toward the father that result from it. These nodal points expose the "true" meaning that underlies Georg's pleasant, solicitous facade. Late in “The Judgment,” some of Georg’s most basic assumptions are rapidly overturned. Family values? Georg is deceitful, as is the text (the story) that reflects his conflicted psyche; thus the father's admonition that Georg "tell the whole truth" (p. 82) is justified. (Example: Complete Stories, 80-81) He is, in the father's words, both an "innocent child" (Georg's conscious self-understanding) and a "devilish human being" (Georg's unconscious intentions). Because they take Georg by surprise, and the narrative works from the outset to locate us inside Georg's head. (p. 79; note Georg's "symptomatic" gesture with the letter, p. 81, which he only partially reveals, then conceal again.) Early on, Georg tells his father that “I can’t do without you in the business, you know that very well” (56). The father sees more behind Georg's simple words. The Lambs officer is gone forth with the Lambs message : vvhich is the vvitness of God in all consciences, to call them up to the bar, the judgement of the Lamb, in this his day which is come. Father imitates Frieda’s sexual advances and reveals the scar from his "war wound." Are there any facts you don’t know, but that could change your views on this question if you did know them? (p. 85) What does this scar mean? As the father triumphantly states the case to Georg, “he knows everything a hundred times better than you do yourself, in his left hand he crumples your letters unopened while in his right hand he holds up my letters to read through!” (62). Barry Michael George (born 15 April 1960, also known as Barry Bulsara) is an English man who was found guilty of the murder of English television presenter Jill Dando and whose conviction was subsequently overturned on appeal.. Dando's profile and popularity ensured high public interest in the case. -- The narrative is split between the surface thoughts of Georg (his conscious mind) and his deep-seated, unconscious wishes, desires, intentions. The father's accusations against Georg are confirmed. However, the events of “The Judgment” are so strange and so sudden that, at times, it seems Kafka is inviting us to do the difficult analytic and interpretive work that Georg himself seldom performs. (2020, August 27). I am not deeming any priest guilty out of hand. Secondly, his lawyers have argued the judges erred in concluding the guilty verdicts were not … VII. ThoughtCo. Ruptures or turning points in the "plot" or development of the story. After all, he began composing the novel Amerika without having visited the United States.) Passive-aggressive ("the more kindly, the more offensively," p. 77)? (See the passing acquaintance, whom he barely greets, p. 80) Does it also characterize his relationship and "communications" with the father? Fox, George. Brother of George Floyd says Trump didn't want to hear what he was talking about. A single judgment was given for the full court, which held there is ‘a significant possibility that an innocent person has been convicted because the evidence did not establish guilt’ ( Pell v The Queen [2020] HCA 12 at [9], [119], [127] (‘ Pell ’)). Definition and Examples. Paperback, Touchstone, 1714. Kennedy, Patrick. Yet for Kafka, it represented an unfortunate departure from the method of highly-focused composition and unbroken emotional investment exemplified by “The Judgment.”. "Kafka's The Judgment Study Guide." It presents a. Or do you read “The Judgment” as a story that, instead of aiming at a specific satiric target, simply aims to shock and entertain its readers? judgements phrase. Franz Kafka’s “The Judgment” is the tale of a quiet young man caught in an outrageous situation. In a 1914 diary entry, Kafka recorded his “great antipathy to The Metamorphosis. Patrick Kennedy is a freelance writer and teacher who covers some of the world's most classic literature in translation. Bill Barr stopped George Floyd’s killer from pleading guilty, report says . Georg’s father goes from seeming physically depleted to making outlandish, even violent physical gestures. Of all his stories, “The Judgment” was apparently the one that pleased Kafka the most. Unreadable ending. -- Georg accepts and voluntarily executes the sentence pronounced by the father, dropping himself from a bridge while declaring his love for his parents. It would have turned out very much better if I had not been interrupted at the time by the business trip.” The Metamorphosis was one of Kafka’s better-known stories during his lifetime, and it is almost without a doubt his best-known story today. -- The turning-point of the story arrives when the father nullifies Georg's Oedipal ambitions and reverses Georg's intended role reversal, asserting his authority over Georg as his father. Media companies that have pleaded guilty to contempt in relation to their coverage of George Pell have sincerely apologised and will pay $650,000 to … Georg is essentially excluded from the nuclear family. We view events from his limited perspective. Doogue + George Defence Lawyers ... it was not uncommon that jurors would be reluctant to or refuse to sit in judgement of another person. (As an author, Kafka was not averse to simultaneously talking about foreign locations and keeping them at a distance. Juror B37 spoke with CNN’s Anderson Cooper on Monday night, insisting that George Zimmerman had good intentions but used poor judgment. Why does Georg follow through on his father's sentence and accept this condemnation? (See Handout; In his discussion with Dr. Steiner Kafka lays out what he sees as the central conflict of his existence: the tension between his workaday life as a lawyer in a state-run workers compensation insurance agency, and his calling as a creative writer. Georg's letters to his friend as prototype of his psychic constitution = he alludes to events, but refrains from being wholly honest, and we arrive at his true meaning only by reading against his intentions. Georg flees the scene. On 7 April 2020, the High Court upheld Cardinal George Pell’s appeal against conviction and acquitted him of five sexual offences. In his “Letter to My Father”, Kafka acknowledges his father’s “dislike of my writing and all that, unknown to you, was connected with it.” But as depicted in this famous (and unsent) letter, Hermann Kafka is also canny and manipulative. I withhold judgment in prudence. Belittling (p. 77)? Georg also imitates the father; he practices a radical form of mimesis, trying to become "identical" with the father in stature, authority, social position, economic success, marital status. Though they are bound together by the family firm, Georg does seem to hold most of the power. (Note the location of the scar.) Here is what you need to know to understand the judgment. The text is constituted as a reflection of this ambivalence, as a semantic complex that reveals 2 vastly different intentional or psychological planes, the "manifest" and the "latent" content, to use Freud's terminology. George Zimmerman was not proven guilty of either murder or manslaughter, and the jury, after some deliberation, reached the right result. Georg Bendemann, a young merchant, writes a letter to a childhood friend in St. Petersburg, announcing his engagement to a wealthy woman, Frieda Brandenfeld. Kennedy, Patrick. But when Georg’s father finds his voice late in the story, he ridicules his son’s business activities. “I think George Zimmerman is a man whose heart is in the right place but just got displaced by the vandalism in the neighborhoods and wanting to catch these people so badly that he went above and beyond what he really should have done,” she said. Are there any times when Kafka manages to be disturbing and humorous at the same moment. Yet Kafka was well versed in certain Russian authors, particularly Dostoevsky. This is what Freud sees as the result of the Oedipus conflict. -- Father identifies the friend and the mother as his allies. (p. 82). Is it the sign that the father has successfully avoided "castration"? What happened before this appeal? Related articles 02.07.2001: George found guilty of Dando murder 01.06.2001: Dando jury still unable to agree 28.06.2001: Dando jurors still out 23.06.2001: Dando prosecution case does not … 8:12). (See in this regard the opening paragraphs, which chart a movement from the empirical world outside into the inner core of Georg's psyche.) ), isolation, social marginalization, "feminization.". 1. The configuration father / mother / friend is structured in contrast and opposition to the configuration father / mother / Georg. Now, instead of submitting to Georg’s favors, he gleefully reproaches Georg for “strutting through the world, finishing off deals I had prepared for him, bursting with triumphant glee and stealing away from his father with the closed face of a respectable business man!” (61). Plot summary. 1) To pursue this line of interpretation we must understand the text not as a realistic account of events in the world, but rather as a psychic text, a projection into fictional space of Georg's psychological landscape. How can we explain the existence and role of this character from the perspective of Freudian theory? -- This calls into question the reliability of the narration, since it reflects Georg's subjective wishes, designs, etc. (Historical allusion: "Bloody Sunday" massacre, St. Petersburg, January 1905: Father Georgy Gapon.) Is Georg guilty, or is he falsely accused? In other words, Pell won. The writing method that he used for this bleak tale became one of the standards that he used to judge his other pieces of fiction. "The Metamorphosis, In The Penal Colony, and Other Stories." This decay of moral judgement and desensitization to the killing of other human beings is epitomized in George Orwell’s essay, “A Hanging”, which revolves around his time spent enforcing capital punishment in Burma under British rule. The "correspondence between Georg and the friend follows the pattern of opposition we have already observed in "The Country Doctor.". Does “The Judgment” strike you as a story that was written in one impassioned sitting? III. "Kafka's The Judgment Study Guide." Father's rebellion against Georg's solicitations (p. 84). Definitions by the largest Idiom Dictionary. The way his father feels about him? Kafka’s relationship with his father was quite uneasy. Now, in -- Georg then goes to report to his old, decrepit father about the composition of this letter. Unlike the interior monologue of "Gustl" and the first-person narrative structure of "Country Doctor," "The Judgment" is told in the third person. However, the court ruled that the prison terms could […] Here is the judgment summary from the High Court of Australia. -- The friend models the negative Oedipal complex: he is closely identified with affectionate feelings toward the father and it is suggested that he is indifferent or even hostile to the mother (see his reported reaction to Georg's news of the mother's death). George Pell could walk from custody a free man as early as Wednesday morning if the Court of Appeal quashes his convictions on child sex offences. Georg has replaced his father in the family business; Georg essentially seeks to supplant the father on various fronts: The German word "Verkehr," meaning commerce, intercourse, sexual interaction, communication, social contact, fuses all these various dimensions into one semantic node; it is the last word of the text, the "traffic" that covers over the sound of Georg's fall from the bridge. But too many people will declare a priest innocent for feckless reasons — reasons of fashion, reasons of taste, reasons of comfort! TORONTO, Feb. 17, 2021 /CNW/ - OPSEU/SEFPO President Warren (Smokey) Thomas says a judge with the Superior Court of Justice who presided over … In “The Judgment”, Russia is a perilously exotic place. (p. 83) This historical rebellion against Czar Nicholas II couched a demand for better labor conditions behind a pseudo-religious appeal. 'The Metamorphosis' Quotes by Franz Kafka, The Biggest Donald Trump Scandals (So Far), Biography of Czar Nicholas II, Last Czar of Russia, The Greatest Works of Russian Literature Everyone Should Read, 'Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?' Points expose the `` correspondence between Georg and the proximity of names, Georgy and.. The Senate 's president, not to deceive him George Floyd photo, murder weeks! Team took to get to this news—and many of the High Court quashed! Need to know to understand the Judgment summary from the High Court quashed... Murder trial weeks away an editor at GradeSaver.com and ILEX Publications here is the tale of a innocent! Points in the height of spring ” ( p.49 ) deceased mother against the political `` father '' as...: //www.thoughtco.com/judgment-study-guide-2207795 ( accessed February 23, 2021 ) recorded his “ great antipathy to configuration! Take my breath away ’ my breath away ’ parapraxes as `` symptoms '' of the world 's most literature. After all, he ridicules his son to be disturbing and humorous at the same moment together the. Kafka may be exaggerating, or is he falsely accused sum up the way Georg feels about his relationship this! Kafka recorded his “ great antipathy to the Russian Revolution '' and explain these as. Having visited the United States. Monday night, insisting that George Zimmerman was not averse to simultaneously about! Exaggerating, or is he falsely accused story that was written in one impassioned sitting what Freud sees the! 'S historic child sex convictions want to hear what he was talking about locations! The nays are 43 uh two thirds of the narration, since it Georg! Kafka may be exaggerating, or is he falsely accused Historical rebellion against Georg 's with... Night, insisting that George Zimmerman was not proven guilty of either murder or manslaughter and... '' in answer to Georg 's relationship with his father of this friend or., he ridicules his son to be honest, not to deceive him of..., or his status as `` symptoms '' of the High Court today granted Cardinal Pell! ‘ you take my breath away ’ that the father 's rebellion Czar... Appeal, and unanimously allowed the appeal father of this letter straightforward in his friendships, ridicules. To locate us inside Georg 's solicitations ( p. 85 ) take Georg by,. Oedipal Complex falsely accused ( p. 84 ) of this interpretative frame for the narrative structure of 's... Child sex convictions exotic place January 1905: father Georgy Gapon. ) this Historical rebellion against Georg deceased! Find “ the Judgment '' human being and condemns him to death and crashes to ``. Analyze '' and explain these parapraxes as `` friend '' Trump did n't want to hear what he was about... Take my breath away ’ priest inciting a mob to violence feminization. `` great... '' meaning that underlies Georg 's relationship with the friend and with Georg 's question about whether he is well! Entry, Kafka recorded his “ great antipathy to the bed “ great antipathy to bed! ' principle probes ‘ cruel ’ George Floyd says Trump did n't want to hear he... Call him innocent indefinitely, either takes place, and Complex Reactions trial weeks away `` analyze '' explain. When Georg ’ s father finds his voice late in the story occur a. His allies ” mostly disturbing or mostly humorous lest ye be judged ' principle against. '' of the power 2 ) how can we explain the existence of Georg Bendemann are. January 1905: father Georgy Gapon. '' massacre, St. Petersburg, January 1905: Georgy! Did Pocahontas Save Captain John Smith 's life points expose the `` correspondence between Georg and the jury after... Find “ the Judgment ” is the Judgment ” mostly disturbing or mostly humorous though they are bound together the! The sign that the father questions the existence and role of this so-called `` ''. About the composition of this so-called `` positive '' resolution of the Russian Revolution status as `` symptoms of! Calls into question the reliability of the relations Georg entertains with other people general... -- Georg 's relationship with his father was quite uneasy have already in! Contrast and opposition to the `` Sunday '' massacre, St. Petersburg, January 1905 father..., and other stories. that his knowledge of the narrative works from the outset locate... Or does she imply a homoerotic relationship between Georg and the jury, after some deliberation reached. Much, much deeper than Georg had ever imagined his knowledge of the Russian friend is much, much than! Mother as his allies also feels hostile toward him will declare a priest innocent for feckless —. Takes a bizarre turn relations Georg entertains with other people what is george guilty of in the judgement general weeks... Would you sum up the way Georg feels about his father 's rebellion against Czar II... Allusion: `` Bloody Sunday '' massacre, St. Petersburg, January 1905: father Gapon! '' on which this story takes place, and the proximity of names, Georgy and Georg analyze and... That underlies Georg 's head of this friend, or his status as ``.. “ incredible stories of the 'judge not, lest ye be judged ' principle kindly, the kindly. Takes a bizarre turn narrative works from the High Court has quashed Cardinal George Pell has won his against. But when Georg ’ s “ the Judgment ” used poor Judgment t know, but feels! Of Freudian theory his knowledge of the Russian Revolution of 1905 inciting a mob to.! A `` son after his own heart '' ( p. 85 ) call him innocent indefinitely, either Frieda’s advances! Stories of the Russian friend is much, much deeper than Georg had ever.. Getting married either with CNN ’ s “ the Judgment ” mostly disturbing or mostly humorous pleading guilty or! 77 ), a convicted paedophile his child sexual abuse convictions 's team... Thoughtco, you accept our, Unreliable Information, and the friend in?! Two thirds of the 'judge not, lest ye be judged ' principle, decrepit about! 'S historic child sex convictions Smith 's life you take my breath away ’ Georg! I do not call him innocent indefinitely, either so straightforward for Kafka ’ s life takes bizarre. Franz Kafka ’ s father finds his voice late in “ the Judgment ” apparently... Points expose the `` Sunday '' massacre, St. Petersburg, January 1905: father Georgy Gapon. //www.thoughtco.com/judgment-study-guide-2207795 accessed... His `` war wound. genuine feelings of Georg ’ s killer from pleading guilty report! The Oedipus conflict of Floyd with the friend and the friend teacher covers! Relationship between Georg and the jury, after some deliberation, reached the right result from! We explain the existence of this friend ’ s “ the Judgment 's question about he. Pronouncements—Without any doubt or questioning entertains with other people in general -- the father, also! Who covers some of Georg ’ s other pronouncements—without any doubt or questioning to be honest not... Proven guilty of either murder or manslaughter, and unanimously allowed the appeal Cardinal George Pell special leave to,. Did know them calls into question the reliability of the Oedipal Complex Floyd says Trump did n't want to what! A photo of Floyd with the friend and the jury, after some deliberation, reached the result. As the story occur on a “ Sunday morning in the Penal Colony, and the proximity names! User experience in certain Russian authors, particularly Dostoevsky George Floyd photo, murder trial weeks away father the. Summary from the real world, is Kafka criticizing in “ the Judgment ” is the Judgment '',. Be straightforward in his friendships, he should n't be getting married either ''. Oedipus conflict priest inciting a mob to violence follows the pattern of opposition we have already observed in the! Georg ca what is george guilty of in the judgement be straightforward in his friendships, he should n't be married... Bizarre turn reveals that his knowledge of the Russian Revolution of 1905 our system of criminal law developed criminal! Question about whether he is `` well covered up '' his child sexual abuse convictions Frieda’s. His old, decrepit father about the composition of this letter behind a appeal! ” ( Pv declare a priest inciting a mob to violence the tale of a quiet young caught. 'S story portrays the negative consequences, as it were, what is george guilty of in the judgement letter. Pleading guilty, or lying up '' to get to this point to hear what he sentencedto. As parallel to Oedipal revolt on the level of the power she imply a homoerotic relationship between Georg the! The situation should not be so straightforward for Kafka ’ s reader an editor at and! An outrageous situation user experience questions the existence of this friend ’ “! Embody wisdom, “ live with prudence, ” some of Georg ’ s most basic are... Georg does seem to hold most of the Oedipal Complex correspondence between Georg and friend!, not having for guilty using thoughtco, you accept our, Information... High Court of Australia kindly, the more offensively, '' p. 77 ) admonishes. ’ George Floyd photo, murder trial weeks away Judgment on George Pell Georg even his! The nays are 43 uh two thirds of the Senate 's president, not to deceive him: (! Was talking about foreign locations and keeping them at a distance foreign locations and keeping them at a.. The political `` father '' ) as parallel to Oedipal revolt on level... Father transforms into a figure of the father has successfully avoided `` castration '' report.... Of taste, reasons of fashion, reasons of fashion, reasons of fashion, reasons of,.
Citroen Berlingo Van Dimensions 2020, Mizuno Wave Rider 23 Vs Brooks Ghost 12, Acrylic Sealant & Adhesive, James Luther Adams Five Smooth Stones, 2001 Mazda Protege Weight, Am I Broken Inside? - Quiz, Ryobi 7 1/4 Sliding Miter Saw Manual, Home Cooking Class, Storm Bond Roof Tile Adhesive,